“Oh, shit.” Joshua Wong, Hong Kong’s best-known democracy campaigner, is reeling. Tossed into a amber sky, he spins uncontrollably before landing, arms splayed, in a downtown automobile park. Regathering his strength, he hurls his katana sword during his assailant, who is staid to strike again.
For a past 10 years Wong has been opposed a Chinese Communist Party as it solemnly tightens control over Hong Kong. Today he is sealed in a opposite kind of assault – a quarrel between a hulk robots of “Gundam Versus”, a video game. A jet container propels Wong’s selected appurtenance above a dull highways of a practical Hong Kong; a ferries plying Victoria Harbour have been transposed by a bumbling troops seaplane and a city’s festive skyscrapers are collapsing underneath a assault of laser blasts. It is no advise that among a many backdrops a diversion offers, Wong has selected Hong Kong as his battlefield. At 23, he has spent many of his life fighting to safety a liberty of a magnanimous city in an increasingly illiberal country.
In 2014 Wong became a childish face of a “Umbrella Movement” when thousands of Hong Kongers camped in a streets for 79 days, perfectionist a right for a domain to elect a possess leader. The sit-in eventually dwindled and Wong finished adult in jail. Last summer he found himself held adult in domestic tumult again as a new form of criticism transformation brought Hong Kong to a brink: a offer to rectify an extradition law triggered a call of demonstrations that incited into a wider and some-more enlarged protest.
Wong lives and breathes politics – even in his choice of video game. After his recover from jail in 2017, he posted a design of himself personification “Gundam Versus”, that came out while he was inside, alongside a caption, “Let’s battle”. “Gundam Versus” is partial of a sprawling authorization that began 40 years ago in Japan, with animations, comics, games and sell featuring hulk humanoid robots tranquil by tellurian pilots. The array is a healthy norm for Wong and his associate campaigners: it is widespread opposite dozens of planets and mixed probable futures; any environment has an perplexing domestic backstory.
Wong is equally during home personification video games and deliberating Hong Kong’s ongoing battles. He usually can’t do both during a same time. “I need to…concentrate,” he pleads, as we riddle him with questions and a rivalry drudge blasts him with lasers. Our review creates approach for a mad drumming of controls. Some multiple of finger- and thumb-work allows his drudge to chuck a mace into his opponent’s midriff, afterwards wrench it out again. “Yes!” he cries. Finally, with usually 1 second left on a clock, his rivalry explodes and Wong exhales.
Wong is not someone who simply accepts defeat. He was innate in Oct 1996, reduction than a year before Hong Kong returned to China after 150 years of British colonial rule. His era has small memory of a time before Chinese rule, nonetheless it has though valid increasingly resistant to a Communist Party overlords.
He describes his schoolboy self as a dokuo, a Japanese tenure for a nerdy child some-more meddlesome in video games than girls. But Wong had a clarity of mission, too. His Protestant relatives had a clever amicable conscience: his mom marched opposite a due confidence law in 2003; he and his father visited bad families together. In 2011, when a Hong Kong supervision sought to deliver pro-Communist promotion in schools by “patriotic” education, Wong founded Scholarism, a debate organisation that fast collected renouned momentum. After a supervision capitulated (classes became optional), a 14-year-old Wong achieved rock-star status. So, when protests erupted in 2014, Wong was a healthy leader. Yet a Umbrella Movement eventually failed: Hong Kongers achieved no larger illustration and a tyro transformation splintered.
Video games offer cleaner victories. But Gundam’s interest is about some-more than a play of battle. Wong appreciates a “more boring” storylines about interplanetary diplomacy. His stream favourite iteration of a Gundam cartoons “Iron-Blooded Orphans” starts on Mars, where a 300-year-old cluster is seeking liberty from Earth. The hurtful adult leaders force children to fight. The youngsters are “soldiers innate out of a Earth sphere’s rough rule,” explains a illusory personality of a Mars liberty movement: “They consolidate a problems burdening any one of us.” Although Wong denies that he wants Hong Kong to be eccentric – he argues for larger liberty and democracy – a parallels are clear. He is amused by a story’s conclusion: a heroes are defeated, though a overpowering regime adopts approved remodel anyway.
For someone who seemed on a cover of Time repository during a age of 17 Wong seems remarkably grounded. As he speaks he underlines his points with a peaceful call of a PlayStation controller, a gestures of a pedant not a demagogue. His eyeglasses frames are thinner than in his teenage years, his hair shorter and swept behind from his forehead. Casual investigation suggests that Wong, a teen firebrand famous for his play haircut, now uses a small product to keep his forelocks spiky. He sees his celebrity as a avocation rather than an identity: it helps to amplify his gainsay and pull courtesy to Hong Kong.
During a mangle in a gaming, he reaches for a cut of pizza, folding his surgical facade into a neat cosmetic pouch. Last year Hong Kong’s leaders criminialized face masks to daunt illegal protests, so Wong is enjoying a irony that everybody is now wearing masks again to delayed a widespread of coronavirus. The dispute of covid-19 in Hong Kong has interrupted a renouned demonstrations, that saw surprising levels of assault both by demonstrators and Hong Kong police. Some commentators have criticised Wong for unwell to reject aroused acts by demonstrators.
Wong mentions visiting several protesters on remand who pounded military and done petrol bombs. After holding a pitch during an rivalry robot, Wong pauses a on-screen destruction to plead a off-screen violence. He himself would never review to such lengths. “Of course, we can’t,” he says. But he won’t publicly malign such acts either. “I know a base cause,” he says. “It’s a recklessness of a millennials who are even younger than me.”
As covid-19 has spread, protesters have found new ways to dispute Chinese rule. Since mass gatherings in a strength are no longer possible, video games now act as a form of practical protest. In a new iteration of a diversion “Animal Crossing”, Hong Kongers have been sauce avatars in gas masks or decorating illusory islands with a kind of anti-government art that used to smear Hong Kong’s streets. Wong downloaded a diversion dual days before a interview. A few days after China’s supervision blocked copies from being bought online on a mainland.
After pier adult some wins, Wong doesn’t seem to mind when he eventually loses to a computer. His decapitated mobile fit hangs in mid-air, a circuits fizzing and crackling. Wong’s domestic career is also in need of some correct and retooling. His character of megaphone evangelism has left out of conform – final summer’s protests consciously denied any particular a pulpit. Though he has a crook look, his purpose is reduction neatly defined.
In his new book, “Unfree Speech”, Wong describes himself as a “global influencer”. Yet he can’t transport abroad though a court’s permission. He has a curfew and contingency revisit a military hire twice a week. His university studies have stalled and his rapist record boundary his pursuit prospects. He can’t run for Hong Kong’s Legislative Council in Sep given of his conviction. The domestic celebration he founded competence not be means to margin any possibilities given a supervision sees a call for “self-determination” as an unconstitutional step towards independence. The timing of a choosing in Sep is ungainly anyway, jokes Wong, given campaigning will strife with a recover of a new Gundam game.
As review moves to a future, Wong hands over a controls, pleasantly resetting a problem turn to “easy” and giving us some tips.
“Press L1,” he says. “It’s easy. L1!”
“Which one’s L1?”
“That one. Oh! Wow! Ha, ha!” he laughs as a on-screen rivalry succumbs to a demoniac dire of a fugitive L1 (which, it turns out, triggers some kind of tracking weapon).
Wong knows that his battles will insist – and that feat poses dangers too. He uses “Iron-Blooded Orphans” as an instance to advise romantic friends of a hurdles they’ll face even if their means eventually prevails. The youngsters on Mars win many battles though when they grasp energy they assault with how to discharge their affairs: “There’s a lot of inner conflict.”
His transformation will face identical dilemmas if it ever achieves a aims. “A lot of people suppose that approved reform…means ‘win behind a system’ and that’s all.” But there is no pledge Hong Kong would shun a tensions a Martians faced. Paradoxically, it’s in these records of counsel that Wong’s faith in a transformation comes by many clearly. To some-more world-weary observers, full democracy in Hong Kong seems a remote prospect. Only an stern optimist – and a immature one during that – could worry about what competence follow. It takes a special kind of faith to tatter about a divert curdling in a betrothed land. When we get knocked down in one game, we usually have to start another.•
Caroline Carter is The Economist’s emissary Asia news editor and Simon Cox is The Economist’s rising markets editor